Students often try to understand every single word, or try to translate the text into their own language
- the teacher should give more reading exercises on scanning and skimming.
- try to deal with unknown vocabulary before the reading or listening.
- work on their self-confidence.
- advise them to understand the text in general. Advise them not to get stuck on the first word they don’t know.
- ask them to write headlines for each paragraph.
- play a listening twice. Tell the students not to worry if they don’t understand every word of it.
- have a poster or picture which represents the situation that the text speaks of.
- ask the students to underline the keywords in the text. Then ask them to retell the text using the keywords.
- remind the students to focus on the general meaning not on the meaning of specific words.
-encourage students to guess meaning from the context.
Student don't always read the instructions carefully and so don't understand what they are listening for
- check the instructions by asking questions.
- get them to check with a partner what they have to do.
- give an example of what you want the students to do.
- give all the necessary background information and pre-teach key words if necessary.
- clarify and check instructions repeat if necessary.
- do an example the help of a volunteer.
They get lost so easily, try to understand every word or complain the speakers are going too quickly.
- give them some keywords or something to prepare them. Play it more than once if necessary.
- play the text part by part, remind them that they might not need to understand every word.
- advise the students to try to get a general idea of the text.
- split the text up and do some comprehension activity in between them.
- do some pre-listening and keywords activities before hand – repetition could give a good result too.
Students equate reading with misery, school and tests, they don’t even read in their own language.
- arouse students attention by finding texts with catchy titles or shorter texts
- choose topics they are interested in.
- allow students to choose the texts.
- direct students to the internet or books to find more information about the reading.